Environmental Enforcement Tribunal

About us

The Environmental Enforcement Tribunal is the branch of OEFA responsible for the final ruling on appeals filed when those accused disagree with the sanctions imposed or with other rulings issued by OEFA regarding environmental oversight and enforcement.

The Environmental Enforcement Tribunal rulings may only be challenged in the Judiciary and do grant jurisprudence as mandatory compliance criteria for environmental matters.

The Environmental Enforcement Tribunal is formed by a President, an Open Court, a Specialized Court, and an Ad Hoc Court currently acting with four members.

The Specialized Courts are composed of three members, who are selected through a Public Tender based on the professional qualifications of each applicant.

The Environmental Enforcement Tribunal technical, administrative and legal support is granted by the Technical Secretariat's work team, which supports the Specialized Courts as well as the Open Court.


  • Role


  • Hear and rule as second and final administrative authority the appeals filed against the impugnable decisions issued by the Enforcement, Sanctions and Incentives Directorate, in matters within its competence.
  • Hear and rule as second and final administrative authority the appeals filed against the adoption of precautionary measures, coercive fines, preventive measures or mandates issued by the competent authorities.
  • Process and resolve complaints about proceedings defects of the units’ competence regarding matters within its competence.
  • Issue and publish resolutions containing or proposing significant criteria on matters related to OEFA mandate and setting administrative precedents regarding matters of its competence.
  • Process and resolve amendment, expansion and clarification requests pf resolutions issued on files of its competence.
  • Prepare technical-standards proposals in matters of its competence.
  • Solve the recusations filed by the Oversight Director and by the Enforcement, Sanctions and Incentives Director.
  • Other powers competence of the Environmental Enforcement Tribunal.